More than two decades after the opening up of the world wide web for the general public and the beginning of its commercial services, the Internet no longer has the freshness and air of novelty that marked its first fifteen years of wide use. The initial profusion of services that competed to provide better and more innovative solutions to internet users has been replaced by the stabilization and consolidation of a handful of platforms and applications that dominate a significant part of the traffic of information and content in the network.
Evidence shows a trend towards greater concentration in the hands of a few transnational corporations as a result of the dynamics of the current Internet business model. This accumulation of power is not only a result of the success of services and goods provided to users, but also the characteristics of a «network economy»: the global scale of the business, the ability to raise capital for the necessary investments, and the mergers or purchase of other competing or complementary companies, among others. The dispute over the radio spectrum and the Internet of Things (IoT), and especially the ability to monetize the resulting big data, lead to processes that are deepening the current level of concentration.